Yeongju City
Punggi Town
the Seosu-seowon, Korea's first private Neo-Confucian Academy-with-Shrine, in Punggi Town.  
It was founded by Toegye Yi Hwang in the mid-1500s, while he was Governor of Yeongju County, to honor
An Hyang, who first brought the Neo-Confucian teachings of Chu Hsi from China near the end of the 1200s.
It's quite a charming and interesting place, sited next to a lovely stream just south of Sobaek-san.
Sosu Seowon
Gyeongryeom-jeong Pavilion at the entranceway offers a nice view of the stream
Baekun-dong Gyeongja-bawi in the stream
Portraits of "Hoeheon" An Hyang (National Treasure #111) and "Shinjae" Ju Sae-bong (Treasure #717)
that are housed in this august academy.  These seonbi scholars, regarded as the founding-father of
Korean Neo-Confucianism and one of his best successors, respectively, are venerated in its shrines.  
model of the layouts of the Sosu Seowon (lower-left) and the Seonbi-chon (upper-right), divided by Jukgye-cheon Stream
"Hoeheon" An Hyang and "Toegye" Yi Hwang depicted with the Sosu Seowon at the Museum entrance
Pungsu-jiri  map
of  Punggi District,
demonstrating its
superior topography
model of Neo-Confucian education being conducted at the Sosu Seowon
model of Neo-Confucian ritual-veneration of former teachers being conducted at the Sosu Seowon
busts of the five men considered main progenitors of the Sosu-seowon -- the Chinese: Confucius [Gong-ja] and Zhu Xi [Ju-ja]
the Korean patriarchs:   "Hoeheon" An Hyang,   "Shinjae" Ju Sae-bong   and   "Toegye" Yi Hwang
Foremost of Korea's Nine Greatest Seowon
original mid-1300s edition of the Hoeheon Shilgi, record of An Hyang's teachings
Original "Baekun-dong" signboard written by "Shinjae" Ju Sae-bong
Original "Sosu-seowon" signboard written by King Myeongjong (r. 1545–1567) and granted by him to "Toegye" Yi Hwang
historic documents
Jukgye-jewolgyo-bi Monument, erected in 1710 to
honor "Toegye" Yi Hwang for "restoring lost honor"
1698 monument that honors Governor Jeong Jung-chang for being
an excellent Confucian magistrate, erected by grateful local people
Hoeheon (1243–1306) studied the early Neo-Confucian teachings in China from grand-disciples of Zhu Xi, then was the first to
successfully transmit then to late-Goryeo-Dynasty Korea, teaching many students on this site in his hometown Punggi
(which was
then called the
Sunheung area).  He became considered the founder of Korea Neo-Confucianism, and brought his handwritten copy
of Zhu Xi's doctrines, with ritual- portraits of Confucius and Zhu Xi to Korea to use in his revitalization of Confucianism.   He
advocated replacing Buddhism with Neo-Confucianism as national ideology, which was accomplished by his lineage of disciples
a century later.  He is credited with founding the grand Confucian shrine
Mun-myo in the Goryeo capital (now Gaeseong City).

Shinjae (1495-1554) erected a Shrine with lecture-hall for Hoeheon on this site in 1542, naming it "
Baekun-dong" [White Clouds
Village" school, after Zhu Xi's "
Baekrok-dong" (Baengnokdong) [White Deer Village] academy in southeastern China.   Toegye,
while serving as magistrate here, expanded this into the Sosu-seowon in 1550, inventing the concept of "Seowon" academies
that flourished until the mid-1800s as Korea's aristocratic "high schools".
the Hall where the teachers lived
Above and below: Main Lecture Hall.   Right: Portrait Hall
student dormitories
academic library
printing-block of An Hyang's essay, with his portrait
The original portrait of "Hoeheon" An Hyang (National
Treasure #111)
and a copy of it made later for
ceremonial use, now kept in the Seonbi Museum.  
Ancient Roots of this Site:

The streamside location of the Sosu-sewon and its associated Seonbi-chon was previously a
Goryeo-Dynasty Buddhist temple named Suksu-sa, of which only a pair of stone pillars remains
in its original place; some excavated artifacts are in the Seonbi Museum.   And long before that
a site of some sort of bronze-age culture... Fascinating artifacts are also in that museum.  This
is the kind of "layering" of religious sites that one often sees in Italy, for example.
ancient petroglyph and an iron-age tomb-painting found in this area
the Shrine for "Hoeheon" An Hyang
banner-pole-supporting stone pillars from the Goryeo-Dynasty
Buddhist temple Suksu-sa still stand outside the front gate.