Jiri-san Hwaeom-sa's Sa-Saja-tap
and Sa-Saja-budo
the Four-Lions Pagoda and Reliquary, two of Korea's greatest artworks
This Four-Lion-Pillars Saria-budo cremains-monument
(Treasure #300)
has a famous feature, shared only with
the similar pagoda above -- the four crouching lions
have monkeyish faces more-clearly showing the four
emotions listed above.
these are my photos of it from my travel-diary
in 1983!
 (the red blotches are water-damage)
Hwaeom-sa's most famous treasure out of so
many is this stunning Four-Lion-Pillars 3-story
(National Treasure #35) which features
a standing monk-statue inside the pillars (probably representing Founding-Master Yeon-gi-josa) and
a unique Lantern-on-pillars with another monk kneeling in respect towards it (probably representing
a disciple of Yeon-gi).   The four lions' faces are said to display four cardinal human emotions --
anger, joy, sorrow and serene love.  This authentic Unified Shilla-dynasty stonework is on a hill
behind the Hwaeom Main Hall, with 108 stone steps leading up to it (108 is the sacred number of
the Bodhisattva of Compassion's Vows).
<--- Budo
The Original Motif:  a Four-Lions capital of an imperial pillar of Emperor Ashoka (~250 BCE), in the Sarnath
Museum, India.  As Buddhism spread across Asia, this became a motif of the authority-power behind it.